Charged with a Crime in North Dakota?
Criminal Defense Lawyers Explain Charges and Penalties
A criminal conviction can drastically affect the rest of your life. You may face the possibility of jail time, fines and other penalties, and your reputation may be damaged. Additionally, a conviction may prevent you from finding work and/or housing in the future. Since so much hangs in the balance, you should always work a criminal defense lawyer with a history of success. Even innocence is not always an ironclad defense – law enforcement and prosecutors may not care about your side of the story, but will simply focus on getting a conviction. An attorney can work to enforce your rights and expose any misconduct or negligence that may have led to your arrest. In many cases, a good lawyer can get your charges or penalties reduced, minimizing the negative impact on your life.
If you have been arrested or someone you know was taken into police custody, then you should find a lawyer as quickly as possible. No matter what kinds of charges you face, from a misdemeanor to a felony, finding an attorney you trust is essential. To speak with a local North Dakota criminal lawyer today, consult our local listings.
What Are the Basic Types of Criminal Charges?
The type of criminal charge you face may vary depending on the nature of the alleged crime. Although each state has its own specific classifications, the general types of charges are:
- Infraction. An infraction is the least serious type of charge you can face. In fact, some states handle infractions as civil cases, rather than criminal cases. Traffic violations and other minor offenses usually fall into this category. Jail is generally not a possibility for infractions, so you are not entitled to a jury trial and the state will usually not appoint you a lawyer. However, you can still hire one of your own.
- Petty offense. Some states categorize low-level criminal conduct as petty offenses. This may include illegal acts like gambling, disturbing the peace, public indecency, pollution violations and theft of items of low value.
- Misdemeanor. A misdemeanor is a more serious charge and county courts typically handle these cases. Common misdemeanor charges include assault, criminal trespass, theft and certain drug crimes, including possession and sale.
- Felony. This is the most serious type of criminal charge and state and/or federal courts usually handle these cases. Common felonies include murder, kidnapping, sexual assault, robbery, vehicular homicide, assault with a deadly weapon, burglary and certain drug crimes.
In some cases, a criminal defense lawyer can negotiate on your behalf with the prosecution to reduce the severity of the charges you face. If the court reduces your charge from a low-level felony to a misdemeanor, for example, then the repercussions you face may be much less serious.
What Is the Penalty for a Misdemeanor in North Dakota?
Each state has its own system for classifying misdemeanor and felony charges, and penalties may vary as well. The general penalties you may face for different types of criminal charges in North Dakota are:
- Class A Misdemeanor. Up to one-year imprisonment and a maximum of $3,000 in fines. Crimes in this class include failure to report or control a dangerous fire; disorderly conduct at a funeral, second or subsequent violation; possession of marijuana paraphernalia; and ingesting a controlled substance
- Class B Misdemeanor. Up to 30 days' imprisonment and a maximum of $1,500 in fines. Crimes in this class include disorderly conduct; false representation of marital status; prostitution; and theft of cable television services.
- Infraction. Up to $1,000 in fines. If convicted of the same infraction within one year of a conviction for another infraction, up to 30 days' imprisonment and a maximum of $1,500 in fines. Crimes in this class include sale of tobacco to minors, and gambling on private premises where the total amount involved exceeds $2,500 per person.
What Is the Penalty for a Felony in North Dakota?
Like misdemeanors, each state has its own system for what qualifies as a felony and what penalties may result from a conviction. In North Dakota, possible felony charges and penalties include:
- Class AA. Up to life imprisonment without parole. Crimes in this class include murder; gross sexual imposition; continuous sexual abuse of a child; and human trafficking of someone under the age of 18.
- Class A. Up to 20 years' imprisonment and up to $10,000 in fines. Crimes in this class include treason; kidnapping, unless the victim is released alive in a safe place prior to trial; human trafficking of someone 18 or older; and robbery with a dangerous weapon.
- Class B. Up to 10 years' imprisonment and up to $10,000 in fines. Crimes in this class include manslaughter; manslaughter of an unborn child; aggravated assault where the victim is under the age of 12 or suffers permanent impairment; and kidnapping where the victim is released alive in a safe place prior to trial.
- Class C. Up to five years' imprisonment and up to $5,000 in fines. Crimes in this class include perjury; intentional tampering with or damaging of a public service; negligent homicide; luring a child under the age of 15 to engage in sexual conduct; and human cloning.
Need a North Dakota Criminal Defense Lawyer? We Can Help
If you are facing any level of criminal charge, then a qualified lawyer may be essential to protecting your future. Additionally, if someone you know is currently in police custody, then you may wish to reach out to a lawyer on his or her behalf. To find a North Dakota criminal defense lawyer in your area, then consult our attorney listings. If you have general question about criminal law or certain charges, then do not hesitate to ask the lawyers.