Does Indiana have Laws on Fireworks?

Indiana does have laws on the use of fireworks. Below are some provisions of the Indiana fireworks law:

  • A person must be 18 years or older to purchase fireworks
  • An individual 18 years or older must be present when a minor is using or possessing fireworks
  • Fireworks can only be used in the following areas:

o  On the property of the user

On the property of someone who is allowing users to discharge fireworks

o  An area designated by the Indiana State Fire Marshal for discharging fireworks

  • On Memorial Day, Fourth of July, Labor Day and New Years Eve, fireworks can only be used between 9 a.m. to midnight
  • Except for the holidays mentioned before, fireworks can be used every day, but only between 9 a.m. and 11:00 p.m.

Violators of this law can be charged with a class C infraction. A person who recklessly or intentionally misuses fireworks can be charged with a class A misdemeanor if there is property damage.

Additionally, a person could face a class D or C felony if his or her reckless use of fireworks caused someone serious injury or death.

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Do Semi Trucks Have Rules For Securing Cargo?

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) has adopted a new set of cargo securement rules since January 2004.

The purpose of these rules for securing cargo is “to reduce the number of accidents caused by cargo shifting on or within, or falling from, commercial motor vehicles,” according to the FMCSA.

These rules state that a cargo load cannot move from forces below 0.8g of deceleration, 0.5g of acceleration and 0.5g of lateral force (or a force pulling a load sideways when a truck is turning).

The FMCSA also put in place requirements concerning load limits, blocking and bracing, and the use of tie downs for cargo.

These rules for securing cargo are not in place to be a nuisance for truck drivers, but to make the roads safer for all motorists, including the truck drivers themselves.

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Can a Hit to the Jaw Cause a Brain Injury?

A hit to the jaw can definitely cause a brain injury. says that a hit to the jaw can “move the skull with enough force that the brain ‘bounces’ off the walls inside the skull.”

When the brain impacts the interior walls of the skull, the surface of it can become injured. Another way a brain injury can occur from a hit to the jaw is through the “pushing and pulling” of the long nerves inside the brain that are connected to the lower jaw, reported.

In fact, hits to the jaw cause 90 percent of concussions in athletes, according to Hits to the chin deliver the greatest transfer of energy from the lower jaw to the base of the skull because it “acts as a lever,” according to the website.

For sports that require the use of a helmet and chinstrap, a player can actually increase his or her odds of receiving a concussion. When a helmet is struck, the transfer of energy is carried through the chinstrap to the jaw.

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If I am Injured, Can I Sue The State of Indiana?

If you have been injured by the state of Indiana, you can sue it for damages. However, Indiana’s state government has a considerable amount of protection for wrongdoing. In addition, there are many technicalities involved when filing torts claims against the state.

If you are injured, you must file a tort claim notice with the proper governmental authority within 180 days for a political subdivision or 270 days for a government department.

The government of Indiana does not accept the tort claim notice if it has been filed incorrectly or provided with the wrong information. If that happens, you have no chance of recovering compensation.

Unfortunately, many potentially successful tort claims are lost because the injured person failed to file their claim correctly.

Your best opportunity for making a successful claim on your injuries is to get a personal injury attorney with experience in dealing with tort claims against Indiana.

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Do Truck Drivers Have to Pass a Health Inspection to Drive?

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) has said that “the most important safety feature” on a truck is the driver. To ensure that a driver is healthy enough to safely perform the demands of their job, FMCSA requires all commercial motor vehicle (CMV) operators to undergo a physical examination. If a truck driver is healthy, they must obtain a medical certificate stating that they can physically meet the demands of the job and can do so in a safe manner.

The Department of Transportation’s physical examination, or DOT exam, is performed by a medical examiner. The examiners are responsible for reviewing and ensuring the health and well-being of the truck driver. If the examiner finds the driver is fit to perform his or her duties safely, then the examiner must fill out a Medical Examiner’s Certificate (MEC) and give a copy to the person who was examined.

A DOT physical exam is valid for 24 months, which means that CMV operators have to be reexamined to renew their MEC every two years. However, if a truck driver shows health signs that need monitoring (i.e. high blood pressure), the medical examiner can issue an MEC for less than 24 months.

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Could Behavioral Problems in Teenagers be Caused by a TBI? recently reported on a study that showed how teenagers with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) are “at a significantly increased risk of being bullied, attempting or considering suicide, having elevated psychological stress and engaging in various poor conduct behavior.”

Researchers asked 4,685 students between 7th and 12th grade to report if they had ever in their life sustained a TBI. Scientists proceeded to gauge the mental and emotional health of the students by providing them with a 12-item questionnaire, according to

The findings from this study revealed that 20 percent of the 4,685 students said they had issues dealing with a TBI, with males being 47 percent more likely to have a TBI than female teens. Moreover, of those that reported having a TBI, they were “52 percent more likely to have elevated psychological stress compared to the students who did not experience TBIs,” according to

Across the board, students with a TBI were about two times more likely to:

  • Have thoughts about suicide
  • Be prescribed anti-depressants and anxiety medication
  • Be bullied at school
  • Be cyber-bullied
  • Be threatened with a weapon at school
  • Engage in poor conduct behaviors

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Who Is Responsible if a Drone Injures Someone?

In an article by Fast Company, experts stated that a judge may be inclined to hold the owner of a drone or unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) as the liable party if the vehicle damaged property or injured a person.

It was only a few years ago that UAVs came into existence as realistic alternatives for performing certain tasks in private and public sectors. For instance, Fast Company noted how industrial agriculture is using UAVs to monitor thousands of acres of farmland. In addition, UAVs are being used by the motion picture industry to perform aerial shots. The list of commercial and government uses for drones is limitless and is growing by the day. Fast Company reported that one of the larger manufacturers of UAVs, DJI, sells 10,000 units of small quadcopters weekly.

The question of who is responsible if a drone injures someone is complicated by the fact that laws governing commercial use of UAVs are in a “legal gray area,” according to Fast Company. However, by late 2015, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is expected to issue a framework of regulations to govern the commercial use of drones.

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What Is the Text-While-Driving Policy For Truck Drivers?

In September of 2010, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSR) were amended, which restricted texting while operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs). The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) said that it amended the regulations to curb a growing trend of distraction-related accidents, which are responsible for 25 to 30 percent of all crashes.

According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), there are four types of driver distraction:

  • Visual (diverting eyes off the road)
  • Auditory (listening to distracting sounds)
  • Physical (a driver removing their hands from the wheel)
  • Cognitive (thinking of things that do not pertain to driving)

FMCSA says that texting while driving causes three of the four types of driver distractions.

Although the FMCSA took an important step in making our roads safer, the problem of distracted driving still persists.

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What Exactly Does a TBI Do to the Brain?

The Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (SNM) said that in 2010, the Journal of Nuclear Medicine published a study that helped “researchers better understand the long-term and structural changes that take place after a traumatic brain injury.” The study found that by combining imaging techniques, such as positron emission tomography (PET) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), researchers were able to see regions of the brain that lose functionality.

The researchers discovered that some parts of the brain that showed signs of decreased function, even though they did not sustain a direct impact from the trauma. The hippocampus, which is part of the brain structure that is critical to our memory and emotions, saw considerable changes in functionality but did not endure direct trauma.

As a result of this discovery, researchers could accurately note the “neurological deficits” exhibited by the brain.

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NHTSA Releases New Distracted Driving Statistics

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) recently released statistics pertaining to distracted driving-related accidents for 2012.

According to NHTSA, 33,561 people died in car accidents in 2012, and distracted driving was responsible for 3,328 of those deaths. Distracted drivers injured 421,000 people in the U.S., which accounts for nearly a fifth of all motor vehicle accident injuries.

The Department of Transportation (DOT) hopes to raise awareness about the dangers of distracted driving during National Distracted Driving Awareness Month. The statistics provided by the NHTSA should make drivers more aware of those dangers.

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