vermont criminal defense

What Is Criminal Law?

Photo of a man in handcuffs

A criminal conviction can drastically affect the rest of your life. You may face the possibility of jail time, fines and other penalties, and your reputation may be damaged. Additionally, a conviction may prevent you from finding work and/or housing in the future. Since so much hangs in the balance, you should always work a criminal defense lawyer with a history of success. Even innocence is not always an ironclad defense – law enforcement and prosecutors may not care about your side of the story, but will simply focus on getting a conviction. An attorney can work to enforce your rights and expose any misconduct or negligence that may have led to your arrest. In many cases, a good lawyer can get your charges or penalties reduced, minimizing the negative impact on your life.

If you have been arrested or someone you know was taken into police custody, then you should find a lawyer as quickly as possible. No matter what kinds of charges you face, from a misdemeanor to a felony, finding an attorney you trust is essential.

What Are the Basic Types of Criminal Charges?

The type of criminal charge you face may vary depending on the nature of the alleged crime. Although each state has its own specific classifications, the general types of charges are:

  • Infraction. An infraction is the least serious type of charge you can face. In fact, some states handle infractions as civil cases, rather than criminal cases. Traffic violations and other minor offenses usually fall into this category. Jail is generally not a possibility for infractions, so you are not entitled to a jury trial and the state will usually not appoint you a lawyer. However, you can still hire one of your own.
  • Petty offense. Some states categorize low-level criminal conduct as petty offenses. This may include illegal acts like gambling, disturbing the peace, public indecency, pollution violations and theft of items of low value.
  • Misdemeanor. A misdemeanor is a more serious charge and county courts typically handle these cases. Common misdemeanor charges include assault, criminal trespass, theft and certain drug crimes, including possession and sale.
  • Felony. This is the most serious type of criminal charge and state and/or federal courts usually handle these cases. Common felonies include murder, kidnapping, sexual assault, robbery, vehicular homicide, assault with a deadly weapon, burglary and certain drug crimes.

In some cases, a criminal defense lawyer can negotiate on your behalf with the prosecution to reduce the severity of the charges you face. If the court reduces your charge from a low-level felony to a misdemeanor, for example, then the repercussions you face may be much less serious.

Curious about your state’s specific laws and punishments for criminal charges? Search for your state followed by “criminal defense” in the search bar on our homepage (ex. “Michigan criminal defense”).

Learn More About Criminal Defense Law

Need a Criminal Defense Lawyer? We Can Help

If you are facing any level of criminal charge, then a qualified lawyer may be essential to protecting your future. Additionally, if someone you know is currently in police custody, then you may wish to reach out to a lawyer on his or her behalf. To find a criminal defense lawyer in your area, then consult our attorney listings. If you have general question about criminal law or certain charges, then do not hesitate to ask the lawyers.

 

Related Articles


Facebook Live: Attorney-Client Privilege for Cohen and Trump

, ,
In this AskTheLawyers.com™ Facebook Live interview, attorney Tom Metier was interviewed about the search warrant issued for President Donald Trump’s personal attorney, Michael Cohen. Metier explained that this was extremely unprecedented.…

Could Cooperating With the Federal Government Really Help Your Case?

, , ,
Accused of a federal crime? If there is a larger piece to this crime that you have information about, you may be able to use this as leverage for a reduced sentence. However, there is more to consider than you may think when it comes to cooperating…

Court Hears Testimony of Juvenile Mass Murderer to Determine if He Should be Tried as an Adult

, , , , ,
In the aftermath of the horrific mass killing spree at Parkland High School, American’s are facing a slew of questions, including how to prevent more child murders by juvenile mass shooters.  The Florida shooting happened while South Carolina…